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  From the December 2009 Issue of Prestwood eMag
ASP Classic:
Global.asa Overview
Posted 21 years ago on 3/19/2003
Take Away: Introduction to the global.asa file.


Global.asa Defined

The Microsoft Visual InterDev manual explains the global.asa file as follows:

The Global file is an optional file in which you can specify event scripts and declare objects that have session or application scope. It is not a content file displayed to the users; instead it stores event information and objects used globally by the application. This file must be named Global.asa and must be stored in the root directory of the application. An application can only have one Global.asa file.

Global.asa files can contain only the following:

· Application events

· Session events

· <OBJECT> Declarations

If you include script that is not enclosed by <SCRIPT> tags, or that defines an object that does not have session or application scope, the server returns an error. The server ignores both tagged script that the application or session events do not use as well as any HTML in the file.

The scripts contained in the Global.asa file may be written in any supported scripting language. If multiple event or object scripts use the same scripting language, they can be combined inside a single set of <SCRIPT> tags.

Global.asa Example

A global.asa with empty event scripts would look like this:

<script language=vbscript runat=server>
SUB Application_OnStart

SUB Application_OnEnd

SUB Session_OnStart

SUB Session_OnEnd

Global.asa Events


The Application_OnStart event is executed the first time that an ASP page within an application is requested.


This event is executed for each user when they first request a page within an application.


This event is called when a user's session ends. This could be cause by an explicit end (ie: session.abandon) or the session timeout being exceeded.


This even is called when the application ends. This could be cause by the application being inactive for a period of time or the web site being stopped.


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KB Post Contributed By Mike Prestwood:

Mike Prestwood is a drummer, an author, and creator of the PrestwoodBoards online community. He is the President & CEO of Prestwood IT Solutions. Prestwood IT provides Coding, Website, and Computer Tech services. Mike has authored 6 computer books and over 1,200 articles. As a drummer, he maintains and has authored 3 drum books. If you have a project you wish to discuss with Mike, you can send him a private message through his PrestwoodBoards home page or call him 9AM to 4PM PST at 916-726-5675 x205.

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